Until scientists have learned to grow new teeth, implants cope best with the role of teeth in place of lost teeth. Despite the fact that dental implants have been successfully used for several decades, patients have many questions. How painful is it, what contraindications and complications can there be, the life of dental implants?
Pros of implantation: living with new teeth
First, let’s define the terms. Dental implantation is the procedure of implanting an implant (a titanium pin imitating the root) into the jaw bone. After the crown is installed on the pin. The implant perfectly copes with the role of a natural tooth. This is the main, but not the only virtue.
Long-lasting dental implants:
- the service life of a quality product is 10-15 years, ideally, a new tooth will stay with you for life;
- neighboring teeth are not injured, unlike other types of prosthetics;
- the state of bone tissue does not worsen, there is no atrophy;
- the chewing load is distributed evenly over the jaw;
- aesthetic defects of the dentition are eliminated, especially in the “smile zone”;
- any number of implants can be installed;
- a variety of implantation methods and designs allows you to choose the best option for each patient;
- the high survival rate of titanium material – up to 98%;
- after adaptation, the implants do not cause discomfort and a person feels artificial teeth as “native”.
Indications for dental implants:
- loss of one or more teeth;
- teeth are absent at the edges of the row or in different places one at a time;
- anodontia – a complete absence of teeth;
- allergy to removable dentures;
- destruction of the dental crown while preserving the root – rapid implantation is indicated.
The classical procedure involves the following steps:
- Implant implantation.
- The formation of the gums under the prosthesis.
- Between the first and second stages, it can take from a week to three months.
- Prosthetics. A fixed prosthesis is mounted on the implant with the abutment – a crown (usually ceramic or cermet) or a bridge.
The advantages of implantation and prosthetics on dental implants:
- Comfort: an artificial tooth feels like its own, without interfering either in the mouth or on the gum, as is the case with removable dentures.
- Eliminates the need to grind and damage neighboring healthy teeth, as when installing a “bridge” of crowns.
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