Gum Disease: What Causes Swollen Gums?

What Causes Swollen Gums?
Oral problems are considered the most common. Experts argue that more than half of the world’s population (about 70%) constantly mark bleeding gums, their swelling and inflammation.

In medicine, this disease is called gingivitis, and it is caused by various microorganisms.

A favorable environment for the development of microflora is often created by the person himself, neglecting the elementary rules of hygiene.

There are other reasons:

  • weak immunity;
  • hormonal dysfunction;
  • insufficient hygiene of the oral cavity;
  • diseases of the stomach and intestines;
  • gum trauma.

Do not forget that the inflammation of the gum near the tooth can be caused by nicotine. Therefore, in smokers this disease occurs more often several times.

The inflammatory process of the gums can be acute and chronic. The latter in turn is divided into atrophic and hypertrophic. Acute processes are observed in children with changing teeth, and chronic processes develop in adults for the reasons mentioned above.

For each form of gingivitis, there is a separate treatment technique. Wrong tactics, as well as a running process often lead to periodontal disease and even tooth loss.

By what signs is the disease determined?

Help identify acute inflammation of the gums symptoms, characteristic of this form:

  • redness and swelling;
  • soreness;
  • bleeding.

At a chronic stage, there are already such signs:

  • cyanosis tissue;
  • loosening of the gums;
  • pronounced edema;
  • Microbial plaque and dental stones are the companions of this form of gingivitis.

When the type of the disease is hypertrophic, the gingival tissue grows, false pockets are often formed, anomalies of the location of the teeth are observed. Such manifestations may be the result of improper implementation of the doctor’s recommendations after prosthetics.

Effective methods of treatment

Chronic inflammation of the gums can only be treated by a doctor, since in complex situations an integrated approach is carried out. Usually prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, funds to strengthen immunity.

For a successful result of treatment, a thorough sanitation of the oral cavity is necessary, that is, all foci of caries must be eliminated. It is also necessary to remove dental calculus. All these activities can be taken to the dental clinic after a medical examination.

In addition to the basic treatment, dentists will recommend what to gargle gum with inflammation, relying on the rich experience of traditional medicine. By the way, all kinds of broths and infusions can be used in parallel with other treatments.

Effective methods of treatment

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For rinsing the mouth are good herbs such as sage, chamomile.  But the oak bark is more popular.

Excellent helps the decoction of the flowers of calendula. Is prepared from the calculation: 1st. spoon on a glass of water. After a twenty-minute stay on a slow fire, the solution is removed, allowed to cool, and then filtered. You can repeat the rinse several times until there is relief.


The main component of prevention is the correct technique of oral hygiene procedures. In addition, one must constantly take care of immunity, avoid mechanical injuries to the mouth and eat well.

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